This is the kind of tough decision universities will have to make moving forward. Prior to joining the College of Innovation and Design, Shawn was a professor in the Department of Geosciences at Boise State. Those connections will create a favorable feedback loop that builds career on-ramps for our students. A disruptive technology, online learning, is at work in higher education, allowing both for-profit and traditional not-for-profit institutions to rethink the entire traditional higher education model. For the vast majority of universities change is inevitable. Online learning will become the norm; it will soon be cheaper and more effective than the traditional lecture hall experience. Here are some of the most disruptive technologies that are either impacting higher education now or will become more relevant in the near future. Christensen’s work encourages us to pay particular attention to the rising tide of disruptive innovators, both as a threat and as a source of inspiration. The challenges that taxi companies and their drivers face are daunting: little or no expertise or infrastructure in the digital marketplace, guild and union regulations, city regulatory oversight on pricing and service standards, and, perhaps most importantly, a deep culture of tradition and continuity. The higher education sector is also in the throes of technology-driven disruption, a disruption irreversibly accelerated by Covid-19. FORUM FOR THE FUTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION 43 NNOTEBOOKOTEBOOK T he downfall of many successful and seemingly invincible companies has been precipitated by a disruptive innovation—that is, an innovation that makes a complicated and expensive product simpler and cheaper and thereby attracts Prior to joining the College of Innovation and Design, Shawn was a professor in the Department of Geosciences at Boise State. Some places to start? According to Christensen’s disruptive innovation theory markets are disrupted when new entrants figure out an innovative way to provide a “simpler” product to a wider set of buyers at a more affordable price. This course provides the latest expertly curated materials on this topic by a university president focused on disruptive innovation who spent years developing them. Second, disruptive innovation is the mechanism for bringing about a personalized education system. We should shed the idea that one size fits all, and should instead imagine how our institutions can provide a suite of educational pathways that bring value. The authors therefore examine the industry through the lenses of the theories that have emerged from research on innovation. Community engagement can be a larger component of our student’s education and we should pursue a larger community voice in building our curriculum and degrees of the future. An education system that can be tailored to each individual student’s learning needs so that all students can succeed is clearly an ideal worth striving for. That has not happened—at least not yet. Rather, it has been to treat the industry's challenges, at their core, as problems of managing innovation effectively. This course provides the latest expertly curated materials on this topic by a university president focused on disruptive innovation who spent years developing them. There are Disruptive Innovators … In the College of Innovation and Design, we believe that traditional institutions have unique abilities to meet the needs of our students. Unfortunately, that type of personalization has historically been too expensive to provide. Faced with rising costs, declining societal support, uneven enrollments, and rapidly changing workforce needs, higher education—and especially state institutions—are under siege from a variety of quarters. However, with completion rates that are often hovering below 50% and average debt loads that exceed $30,000, half of our students are leaving our universities with massive debt and no degree; this is an outcome that should give every educator pause. Should the university build that capacity themselves or should they enter into strategic partnerships with one of the disruptive innovators? Odds are against high-end online classes beating traditional education. Meanwhile, most of us in the academy are essentially continuing to deliver the same thing, in the same way, as we have for the last 100 years. Some customers are high end, very demanding, and willin… The traditional student who lives in a dorm and graduates with a bachelor’s degree in four years is fast becoming the minority. And lastly, disruptive innovation introduces cost control into the system, so that we can deliver a tutor-like experience for each child at a cost that won’t break the bank. 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