The correct application and utilization standards is a pre-requisite for national development and economic well being. Sustainable development can succeed only if all areas of the political sector, of society, and of science accept the concept and work together to implement it. They are closely linked aspects of society and the studies and developments in both these fields are essential for the overall progress of mankind. Since science and technology are part of the national strategy for development, its literacy is essential. Finally, resource-intensive technologies, focused on satisfying high consumption demand, like holidays abroad in costal resorts, wilderness areas, or iconic cities, increase carbon emissions and environmental damage. In modern academia, the interdisciplinary study of the mutual impacts of science, technology, and society, is called science and technology studies. The first scientific approach to this relationship occurred with the development of tektology, the "science of organization", in early twentieth century Imperial Russia. It means, knowledge and understanding of the intelligence of workers, quality of products, value of a firm, effectiveness of market, etc. The purpose of science is to develop a vast breadth and depth of data and knowledge to enable us to understand why things are the way they are (Oberdan 26). Hence, science and technology play an exceedingly prominent role in the world. The uncompetitiveness of any of the attributes or elements leads to knowledge gap and information deficiency, which is directly related to the under-development of the respective country. The participation of women and youth in decision-making should be encouraged. Without a proper foundation in basic sciences it is very difficult if not impossible to … Now we can entertain ourselves through computers, Games, TV and so on. Likewise, Science and Technology is directly related to the overall development of the country. The growth, peace, and security of a society is directly related to the development of the technology; as Science and Technology in a way influences the development as well as security of the society. The rest is due to the inability to adopt and adapt technologies to raise productivity. It is likely that the reader will find in my discussion characteristics that apply to many developed countries and developing ones. Part of what is needed to enhance that process is public pressure to encourage more Nigerians to study science and technology. The field of Science, Technology, and Society Studies covers several basic themes. The benefits that are certain to flow from technological revolution in an increasingly connected world and knowledge-intensive world will be seized by those countries and companies that are alive to the rapidly changing environment, and nimble enough to take advantage of the opportunities. While science involves explanation, phenomenon, analysis and predictions on various subjects, technology is something that simplifies all these things. the role of science, technology, innovation and infrastructure Policy recommendations G7 Academies of Science urge governments to: line with Goal 9 of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustaina- ble Development, which is to "Build resilient infra- structure, promote inclusive and sustainable indu- strialization and foster innovation". Role of Science and Technology in the Sustainable Development of Society: An overview Ms. Sabbah Iqbal1, Dr. Aabid Hussain Naik2 1. The most remarkable breakthroughs will come from the interaction of insights and applications arising when these technologies converge. Science and technology has made life a lot easier and also a lot better with the advancement of medicines and analysis on diseases. As an engine of growth, the potential of technology is endless, and still largely untapped in Africa and other developing world regions across the globe. Cont…In doing so, science and technologyshould make the natural and socialenvironment harmonious, withoutseriously endangering the future. Science, Technology and Society: Needs, Challenges and Limitations focuses on the role of science and technology in promoting development as well as its limitation in shaping the society. Science and Technology are making advances at a surprising rate such as, from telephones to the Internet, calculators to computers, and cars to satellites. To promote tech advance, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, and continuous skills training for workers and managers. We are part of a new world of discoveries and inventions made possible by Science. In contemporary society, science has played a more pivotal role than technology in the development of civilization. The role that science and technology has played in improving the life conditions across the globe is vivid, but the benefit has to been harvested maximum by all countries. Hence, we need both of them in our life. While science is the study of entire universe from the cellular level to the highest level, technology is the application arising from science! The role of science and technology indevelopment should be directedtoward reduction of inequalitiesbetween advanced and thedeveloping countries and betweenvarious sections of population within acountry. Degree College Kulgam 2. Consider scientific wonders of the 20th century alone: air travel, automobiles, computers, television, robotics and more. There is a risk that their cost, particularly in the early stages of development, will worsen the present inequality by limiting access to wealthy individuals. Science and technology budgets receive little support from the private sector and instead depend on the national treasury.4 Heavy government bureaucracies wind up cultivating whatever science and technology is fashionable in the developed countries, waiting indefinitely for the time when such competence would trigger development in a manner that resembles the wait for Godot in Beckett's play. Advances in science and its resulting technologies, such as global communication, satellite images of Earth, together with the popular fascination with dinosaurs etc., have irrevocably expanded the space and time scales with which people at many levels of society now view their world. Science and technology are expected to play a vitally important role in ensuring national security and social stability. Role of Science & Technology in Today’s Life, India: Development of Science & Technology, Science & Technology Notes for UPSC IAS Prelims, Availability of healthy food and safe drinking water. cience and technology have SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY 13 become critical factors in achieving those goals, and the health sciencesâ including the life sciences, health services research, and public health researchâ will remain vital elements in the promotion of the nationâ s well- … Certain innovations and discoveries will raise fraught bio-ethical issues, as genetic modification of food crops and cloning of human embryos has already done. Government has also created an exclusive department to emphasize on the development of Science and Technology and a separate budget is also allocated for the same. Everyone is involved – big and small, public and private, rich and poor. This already happens in health care in certain G7 countries, where the demand for very high-cost diagnostic equipment and surgical interventions enabling longevity and better quality of life for older wealthy people overstretches public health care budgets, and lowers service quality in poor neighborhoods. Technical education must be improved to cope with technological changes. Lecturer, Department of Commerce, Govt. The only form of investment that allows for increasing returns is in building the stocks and flows of knowledge that a country or organization needs, an in encouraging new insights and techniques. Technology have totally changed the field of entertainment. In a world in which the Internet makes information ubiquitous, what counts is the ability to use knowledge intelligently. Adopting appropriate technologies leads directly to higher productivity, which is the key to growth. CONSTRUCTIVISM. College for Women Anantnag ABSTRACT Exponential Growth of Technology in India has played a significant role in all round development and … Cellular technology has allowed Africa to leapfrog the age of fixed line telephony, bringing affordable access to millions of people. 2. The Role of Basic Sciences Basic Sciences: Physics Biology Chemistry and Mathematics form the foundation from which Applied Sciences, Technology and Engineering are built. It can be defined in the simplest term as – ‘know-how’. First and foremost, STS assumes scientific and technological developments to be socially constructed phenomena. Teaching of science should be done at all levels of education. According to the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (UN-ITU), by the end of 2010 there were an estimated 5.3 billion mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide, including 940 million subscriptions to 3g services. One of the most important aspects of Science and Technology is that it has solution to the difficult of the difficult problems, the problems which have the potential to become major bottlenecks to the overall growth of the country. Access and application are critical. Such societies stay mired in poverty and dependency. the world is developing fast, at an unprecedented rate because of scientific and technological developments. The text outlines the contributions that this field has provided in health, industries, agriculture, transportation, and communication. As a matter of fact, Science and Technology facilitates healthy competition between the different attributes and elements and acts like a platform for a better life. In societies with limited stocks of knowledge, bright and creative people feel stifled and emigrate as soon as they can, creating a vicious circle that traps those who remain in a more impoverished space. A common basic understanding of environmental ethics is needed to ensure that protection of the natural foundation of life becomes a major consideration in all political and individual action. Some of these problems could be −. Why is technology so important? Before understanding the importance of science and technology, it is important for us to understand that science and technology are closely associated with our lives. For instance, computers help scientists by storing big data, analyzing and … The book puts emphasis on the role of technologists and scientists in promoting … About 90 percent of the world’s population can access mobile networks, with three-quarters of mobile subscribers living in developing economies. Noting the important role of Science, Technology and Innovation for Africa’s development agenda, the 23rd Ordinary Session of African Union Heads of State and Government Summit, in June 2014, adopted a 10-year Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa (STISA-2024). 15. Cures for other diseases which are endemic in developing countries are also now possible, allowing people with debilitating conditions to live healthy and productive lives. Successful countries have grown their ability to innovate and learn by doing, by investing public funding to help finance research and development in critical areas. Innovation is the primary driver of technological growth and drives higher living standards. That is, science and technology are inherently human, and hence value-laden, activities that are always approached and understood cognitively. This view does not deny the constraints imposed by nature on the physical reality of technological artifacts, but it does maintain that knowledge and underst… Science and technology education has suffered enormous setback in Nigeria due to the low status accorded to it in general. Through breakthroughs in health services and education, these technologies have the power to better the lives of poor people in developing countries. … Anyone who lags behind in science and technology … Standard of education. The goals are either to improve policies that affect science (policy for science) or to improve policies that can benefit from scientific understanding (science for policy). However, the continued and equitable expansion of Information Communication Technology (ICT) depends on electricity. All these technologies, in turn, provide favorable conditions for the country’s growth and increase healthy competition nationally and also internationally. contemporary society, science has played a more pivotal role than technology in the development of civilization. Science and technology have been able to make meaningful contributions to socioeconomic development only when they have acted in an interdisciplinary manner to solve the problems. Less developed countries not only lack skilled labour and capital, but also use these less efficiently. Health aspects. There are normally two types of knowledge required for the overall development of a country −. Integrating Issues - Science and Society . Science and technology have made the life safe, secure and comfortable. Eradicating malaria, a scourge of the African continent for centuries, is now possible. The main agency responsible for managing science and technology (S&T) is the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). In today’s world, more often, we get to read or listen that developed countries, developing countries, underdeveloped countries, or even third-world countries, all these designate the level of development of Science and Technology in other countries, they have the influence on. Inasmuch as scientific progress is highly dependent on financial support and, in modern times, on general societal support, it is appropriate to discuss the inter… Other technologies under development are interventions for cognitive enhancement, proton cancer therapy and genetic engineering. To sustain the growth of the national economy and to improve its efficiency In the past, technological progress made only a minor contribution to the growth of … The two define the progress made in almost every field i.e. We need Science and Technology in every sphere of our life like to treat diseases such as cancer or even to book a cab or train/flight ticket. Communicating using technology has changed our cultures and our lifestyles. Inputs account for less than half of the differences in per capita income across nations. Some of these problems could be −, On the other hand, once mitigating solutions are found for these problems, then the second major issue is the under-development in the field of scientific research and technology that directly affects the development of the country’s economy, infrastructure, higher education, and a few other fields listed below −. Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Govt. One of the most important aspects of Science and Technology is that it has solution to the difficult of the difficult problems, the problems which have the potential to become major bottlenecks to the overall growth of the country. The Role of Science and Technology in the Developing World in the 21st Century Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development. The purpose of science is to develop a vast breadth and depth of data and knowledge to enable us to understand why things are the way they are (Oberdan 26). The Role of Science in Society In broad terms, there are two possible goals for engaging the policy process and two primary strategies for achieving those goals. The extent to which developing economies emerge as economic powerhouses depends on their ability to grasp and apply insights from science and technology and use them creatively. In fact, without technology (integrated with science), we cannot imagine our life per se. Those that succeed will make substantial advances in reducing poverty and inequality. Consider the following points to understand how the security of a society is directly related to the development of the technology − 1. The real divide over the next 20 years will be between those who have access to reliable electricity to power these devices and those who do not. infrastructure development, communications, defence, industrialization etc. The role of science and technology in future design will be discussed from the perspective of someone who has lived all his life in the United States and whose scientific experience has spanned the years since the late 1930s. Let us now discuss the nature of Science and Technology. Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development. In today’s world, the role of science and technology is indispensable. Science and technology (S&T) capabilities are fundamental for social and economic progress in developing countries; for example, in the health sector, scientific research led to the development and introduction of oral rehydration therapy, which became the cornerstone of international efforts to control diarrheal diseases. Science Today. To promote technological advances, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, continuous skills training for workers and managers, and should ensure that knowledge is shared as widely as possible across society. Today, Science and Technology plays a very significant role in the overall development of a country. The combination of computers and the Internet, and mobile devices and the “cloud”, has transformed human experience, empowering individuals through access to knowledge and markets, changing the relationship between citizens and those in authority, as well as allowing new communities to emerge in virtual worlds that span the globe. Science is largely responsible for a growing public awareness that people share the … Revolutionary inventions include small underground nuclear power units called nuclear batteries that will be ultra-safe and maintenance-free; new types of photo-voltaics that will make electricity from sunlight cheaper than that from coal; and myriad nano-technologies, some of which lower the cost and increase the reliability of many products – even in the poorest areas of the developing world. Today we are totally depended on science whether it is inside or outside the home. Products are transforming business practices across the economy, as well as the lives of all who have access to their effects. The technological revolutions of the 21st century are emerging from entirely new sectors, based on micro-processors, tele-communications, bio-technology and nano-technology. Now we can enjoy every second of our life through them. Science plays a significant part in our daily lives, and inventions over the years have made our modern lives more sustainable. In societies that have large stock and flows of knowledge, virtuous circles that encourage widespread creativity and technological innovation emerge naturally, and allow sustained growth over long periods. CCTV Camera at various locations (especially at public places) is one of the best examples of keeping crime under surveillance and it also provides a sense of security to the people. Knowledge is the systemically integrated information that allows a citizen, a worker, a manager, or a finance minister to act purposefully and intelligently in a complex and demanding world. Apart from the medical side, there has been remarkable development in education, communication, agriculture, … S&T policies should be integrated in socio-economic development plans. Therefore, in order to alleviate the basic problems of food and supply, safe drinking water, health problems, education, infrastructure, etc., the emphasis and gradual development of Science and Technology is essential. There are also sectoral councils for Forestry, Agriculture and Aquaculture, the Metal Industry, Nuclear Research, Food and Nutrition, Health, Meteorology, Volcanology and Seismology. It’s difficult to imagine a world without these, and the ways our lives have been impacted. Managing technological revolutions poses challenges. Medicine. Health Care Maintenance of health and prevention of illness are among the highest goals of our society. Science and technology are key drivers to development, because technological and scientific revolutions underpin economic advances, improvements in health systems, education and infrastructure. Computing for example, through unlocking infrastructure backlogs and managing integrated supply chains, can transform economic performance by enabling affordable and accessible services in education and healthcare. These disciplines are dynamic and pervasive and influencing cultural, economic and political milieu. Thus, the role of science education in the technological and industrial development of Nigeria is tremendous. Service and technology are the differentiators between countries that are able to tackle poverty effectively by growing and developing their economies, and those that are not. 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